Shrub & Tree Pruning


Shrub & Tree Pruning in Wilmington NC

Are your shrubs or trees overgrown? Is it time to tame that jungle in the front or backyard? Are you looking for a shrub & tree pruning service in Wilmington NC?

One of the most important aspects of tree and shrub management is pruning. Knowing why, when, and how to prune correctly will make the difference
between a healthy, aesthetically pleasing plant and one that is unhealthy, misshapen or both.

There are four basic reason to prune your shrubs or trees:

  • training the plant,
  • maintaining plant health,
  • improving the quality of flowers, fruit,foliage, and stems, and
  • controlling growth

Pruning to Train Your Shrub or Tree

The first pruning of young trees and shrubs always consists of removing broken, crossing, and weak structured branches. You should prune young plants for structural integrity and cosmetic reasons .

Pruning to Maintain Plant Health

In pruning to maintain plant health, consider the elimination of dead, dying, or diseased wood. Any dying branch or stub can be the entry point for insects or disease that could spread to other parts of the tree. When removing diseased wood, such as a fungal canker or fire blight, it is important that the cut be made into healthy wood, beyond the point of infection, with a sterile blade. The development of a sound framework through proper thinning will help prevent disease and loss of vigor while maintaining good form. Even evergreen shrubs usually will benefit from an occasional thinning of foliage. This thinning will allow light and air to penetrate throughout the shrub, resulting in even growth of the foliage.

Pruning to Improve the Quality of Flowers,Fruit, Foliage, or Stems

The more flowers and fruit a plant produces, the smaller they become, as can be seen on an unpruned rose bush or fruit tree. Pruning reduces the amount
of wood and diverts energy into the production of larger, though possibly fewer, flowers or fruit or both. Most flowering shrubs will bloom either on 1-
year-old growth or on new growth. Properly timed pruning will increase the production of wood that will bear flowers or fruit.

Pruning to Control Growth

Over time, trees and especially shrubs will often grow to sizes that exceed the space allowed for them. Where space is limited, regular pruning becomes necessary to keep plants in bounds. Regular pruning is necessary to maintain a uniform size and shape of street trees and formal hedges. It is best to plant wisely, so that the tree will “fit” the space with a minimum of pruning.

Modern landscaping calls for the natural look or enhancement of most plants. Plants should be chosen because of their particular characteristics shape,
size, color, form, or texture. A plant should be pruned to enhance this natural beauty and accentuate it’s particular features. Proper pruning can only be accomplished by using the right tools in the right way, and working with the natural growth habits of the landscape plants. Always keep tools
well oiled and sharpened.

Most shrub pruning will involve two basic techniques.

Thinning means the removal of an entire branch back to the main trunk or stem.the branch.
Heading back is simply shortening the length of the branch.

Problems result when either of these techniques is used continuously without the other. Proper pruning should involve a combination of the techniques to keep a plant at a chosen size, shape, and density.